Addressing Heavy Drinking in Smoking Cessation Treatment: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Christopher W. Kahler, Jane Metrik, Heather R. LaChance, Susan E. Ramsey, David B. Abrams, Peter M. Monti, Richard A. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Heavy alcohol use frequently co-occurs with cigarette smoking and may impede smoking cessation. This clinical trial examined whether smoking cessation treatment that incorporates brief alcohol intervention can improve smoking cessation outcomes (7-day verified point prevalence abstinence) and reduce drinks consumed per week. Heavy drinkers seeking smoking cessation treatment were assigned by urn randomization to receive, along with 8 weeks of nicotine replacement therapy, either a 4-session standard smoking cessation treatment (ST, n = 119) or standard treatment of equal intensity that incorporated brief alcohol intervention (ST-BI, n = 117). Across follow-ups over 26 weeks, participants in ST-BI reported approximately 20% fewer drinks per week (p < .027) and greater smoking abstinence (adjusted odds ratio = 1.56; 95% confidence interval = 1.01, 2.43) than did those in ST; however, effects on smoking were primarily evident at 2 weeks after quit date and were essentially absent by 16 weeks. The effect of ST-BI on smoking outcome was most robust among moderately heavy drinkers compared with that on very heavy drinkers. Integrating brief alcohol intervention into smoking cessation treatment appears feasible, but further development is needed to yield lasting effects on smoking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)852-862
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of consulting and clinical psychology
Volume76
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • alcohol
  • brief alcohol intervention
  • smoking
  • smoking cessation treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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