Adherence to HIV Medications in a Cohort of Men Who Have Sex with Men: Impact of September 11th

Perry N. Halkitis, Alexandra H. Kutnick, Elana Rosof, Simon Slater, Jeffrey T. Parsons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens remains a challenge for people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Severe traumas like that of September 11, 2001, can exacerbate the difficulties already associated with adherence. A community-based sample of 68 HIV-seropositive men who have sex with men (MSM) living in New York City who were on protease inhibitor HAART regimens completed quantitative assessments to examine adherence in the aftermath of September 11th. Data were drawn from a larger study of drug use and HIV medication adherence. Assessments conducted from September 24, 2001 to October 24, 2001 were compared to assessments taken 2-4 months prior to September 11th. Repeated measures analyses of variance were used to analyze the number of missed and suboptimal doses (doses taken outside the prescribed time by ±4 hours) reported in the 2 weeks prior to each respective assessment. The results indicated a significant increase in the number of missed doses and the number of suboptimal doses immediately after the events of September 11th. Differences in adherence were not influenced, however, by sociodemographic characteristics. These results suggest that the events of September 11th had an impact on adherence to HIV medications among MSM in New York City and provide further support for the notion that the events of September 11th may have adversely impacted the lives of seropositive individuals. Attention should be paid by clinicians working with HIV-positive individuals on how this event has been incorporated into lives of individuals already burdened by a chronic and demanding disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-166
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urban Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2003


  • Adherence
  • Drug users
  • HIV
  • MSM
  • Terrorism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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