Crop genomics remains a key element in ensuring scientific progress to secure global food security. It has been two decades since the sequence of the first plant genome, that of Arabidopsis thaliana, was released, and soon after that the draft sequencing of the rice genome was completed. Since then, the genomes of more than 100 crops have been sequenced, plant genome research has expanded across multiple fronts and the next few years promise to bring further advances spurred by the advent of new technologies and approaches. We are likely to see continued innovations in crop genome sequencing, genetic mapping and the acquisition of multiple levels of biological data. There will be exciting opportunities to integrate genome-scale information across multiple scales of biological organization, leading to advances in our mechanistic understanding of crop biological processes, which will, in turn, provide greater impetus for translation of laboratory results to the field.
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