Advancing Equity in Blood Pressure Control: A Response to the Surgeon General's Call-to-Action

Calvin L. Colvin, Ayoola Kalejaiye, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Yvonne Commodore-Mensah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hypertension is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Although controlling blood pressure reduces cardiovascular and stroke mortality and target organ damage, poor blood pressure control remains a clinical and public health challenge. Furthermore, racial and ethnic disparities in the outcomes of hypertension are well documented. In October of 2020, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services published The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Control Hypertension. The Call to Action emphasized, among other priorities, the need to eliminate disparities in the treatment and control of high blood pressure and to address social determinants as root causes of inequities in blood pressure control and treatment. In support of the goals set in the Call to Action, this review summarizes contemporary research on racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in hypertension and blood pressure control; describes interventions and policies that have improved blood pressure control in minoritized populations by addressing the social determinants of health; and proposes next steps for achieving equity in hypertension and blood pressure control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-224
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022


  • blood pressure
  • health disparity
  • health equity
  • hypertension
  • race
  • social determinants
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Humans
  • Ethnicity
  • Healthcare Disparities
  • Racial Groups
  • Hypertension/drug therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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