African-American spirituality: A concept analysis

Kelley Newlin, Kathleen Knafl, Gail D'Eramo Melkus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Culturally competent care for African Americans requires sensitivity to spirituality as a component of the cultural context. To foster understanding, measurement, and delivery of the spiritual component of culturally competent care, this article presents an evolutionary concept analysis of African-American spirituality. The analysis is based on a sample of multidisciplinary research studies reflecting spirituality of African Americans. Findings indicate that African-American spirituality involves quintessential, internal, external, consoling, and transformative attributive dimensions. Findings are considered in relation to previous conceptual analyses of spirituality and suggest that defining attributes of African-American spirituality are both global and culturally prominent. Implications for practice and research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-70
Number of pages14
JournalAdvances in Nursing Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 2002


  • African American
  • Concept analysis
  • Culturally competent care
  • Nursing
  • Spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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