Aggregation Bias in Deterrence Research: An Empirical Analysis

David F. Greenberg, Ronald C. Kessler, Charles H. Logan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    A theoretical treatment is given of the sources of bias that might be expected in deterrence research when estimation is carried out with spatially aggregated data. In addition, aggregation is studied empirically by comparing estimates obtained from city data for the reciprocal effects of arrest clearance rates and index crime rates on one another with those obtained from state data. Some evidence for bias in the state estimates is found.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)128-137
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Jan 1981

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Psychology


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