Aggregation Phenomena in Langmuir-Blodgett Films of Polar Stilbene Amphiphiles

Inna Furman, H. Cristina Geiger, David G. Whitten, Thomas L. Penner, Abraham Ulman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The effect of incorporating polar-substituted stilbene groups into two-dimensional molecular assemblies was studied. A homologous series of stilbene-containing hexadecanoic acids was found to exhibit H-aggregation in supported Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) monolayers. The spectral properties of these aggregates are insensitive to the particular homologue used, either alone or in 1:1 mixtures. This result, particularly when considered in the context of its extreme similarity to that obtained from the LB films formed by alkyl-substituted stilbene fatty acids, suggests that H-aggregation is a minimum free energy packing assembly for stilbene units in LB films. β-Stilbene methylation prevents the molecules from tight packing and produces a pronounced perturbation on the H-aggregate absorbance spectrum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)837-843
Number of pages7
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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