Airplug‐Mediated Isolation and Centralization of Single T Cells in Rectangular Microwells for Biosensing

Pavithra Sukumar, Muhammedin Deliorman, Ayoola T. Brimmo, Roaa Alnemari, Deena Elsori, Weiqiang Chen, Mohammad Qasaimeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sorting cells in a single cell per microwell format is of great interest to basic biological studies, biotherapeutics, and biosensing including cell phenotyping. For instance, isolation of individual immune T cells in rectangular microwells has been shown to empower the multiplex cytokine profiling at the single cell level for therapeutic applications. The present study, shows that there is an existing bias in temporal cytokine sensing that originates from random “unpredicted” positions of loaded cells within the rectangular microwells. To eliminate this bias, the isolated cells need to be well‐aligned with each other and relative to the sensing elements. Hence, an approach that utilizes the in situ formation and release of airplugs to localize cells toward the center of the rectangular microwells is reported. The chip includes 2250 microwells (each 500 × 50 × 20 µm3) arranged in nine rows. Results show 20% efficiency in trapping single T cells per microwells, where cells are localized within ± 3% of the center of microwells. The developed platform could provide real‐time dynamic and unbiased multiplex cytokine detection from single T cells for phenotyping and biotherapeutics studies
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalWiley Online Library
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2019

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