Increasingly, some cases of alcohol use disorders can be conceptualized as chronic diseases that can be controlled and managed with the help of effective medications. These can be used in concert with comprehensive psychosocial therapies and other specialized addiction treatments, but also within more simplified, medical management models in primary care settings. While few individuals with alcohol dependence, and fewer still with alcohol abuse or hazardous drinking access alcohol pharmacotherapies, there is robust evidence that these medications should be in much wider use. National screening and brief intervention guidelines for primary care settings now emphasize these pharmacotherapy options.
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