Alignment and category learning

Mary E. Lassaline, Gregory L. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recent research shows that similarity comparisons involve an alignment process in which features are placed into correspondence. In 6 studies, the authors showed that alignment is involved in category learning as well. Within a category, aligned matches (feature matches occurring on the same dimension) facilitate learning more than nonaligned matches do (matches on different dimensions), although nonaligned matches still facilitate learning relative to nonmatches. Analogously, feature matches that cross category boundaries hurt learning more if they occur on the same versus a different dimension, and cross-category feature matches on different dimensions hurt learning relative to nonmatching features. Representational assumptions of category learning models must be modified to account for the differences between aligned and nonaligned feature matches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-160
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language

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