All Children Thrive: Integration of Nutrition and Early Childhood Development

Maureen M. Black, Angela C.B. Trude, Chessa K. Lutter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Building on the successes of child survival, we review the evidence needed to ensure both that children who survive also thrive and that recommendations promote equity, with no child left behind. To illustrate the critical roles played by nutrition and child development, we revise the Conceptual Framework for the Causes of Malnutrition and Death and the Nurturing Care Framework to create the Conceptual Framework of All Children Surviving and Thriving. The revised framework highlights the goals of child growth and development, supported by health, nutrition, learning, responsive caregiving, and security and safety. We review the challenges posed by undernutrition, stunting, micronutrient deficiencies, overweight, and children not reaching their developmental potential. Although integrated nutrition-childhood development interventions have shown promising effects, most have not been implemented at scale. Implementation science that investigates how and why integrated interventions work in real life, along with the acceptability, feasibility, cost, coverage, and sustainability of the interventions, is needed to ensure equity for all children thriving. 2020 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-406
Number of pages32
JournalAnnual Review of Nutrition
StatePublished - Aug 21 2020


  • Early child development
  • equity
  • infant
  • nurturing care
  • nutrition
  • thrive
  • toddler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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