American academy of nursing consensus recommendations to advance system level change for nurse well-being

Madeline A. Naegle, Lesly A. Kelly, Jennifer L. Embree, Nancy Valentine, Daryl Sharp, Doris Grinspun, Vicki P. Hines-Martin, Cecelia L. Crawford, William E. Rosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The COVID-19 pandemic has required close examination of workforce-related stressors that over decades have contributed to widespread burnout, negative health outcomes, including mental health outcomes, and the loss of the well-educated professionals who are the future of the nursing profession. In the United States and globally, evidence points to factors known to diminish well-being, including inequities, issues of minority status, persistent discrimination, and demanding work environments. The American Academy of Nursing (AAN), dedicated to organizational excellence, nursing leadership and evidence-based policy, develops statements reflecting its mission and those of its nursing affiliates and corporate member, The American Nurses Association. Within nursing, despite the efforts of its members toward advancement, professional fulfillment is often constrained by the systems in which nurses practice and workplace factors over which they have little control. Action by key organizations to initiate changes at systems levels in workplace safety, to increase professional mobility, and propel policies that increase access to health care resources could improve nurse well-being. This paper proposes recommendations from the AAN Expert Panels on Building Health Care System Excellence, Psychiatric Mental Health and Substance Use, and Global Health Expert Panels for the American Academy of Nursing to leverage related policy in the arenas of government and professional/healthcare organizations. Transforming health care work environments and advancing nurse well-being and equity can be accomplished through key, innovative policy changes. These will be achieved through collaboration among associations, organizations, nonprofit groups, and with the public and the media.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101917
JournalNursing outlook
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023


  • Discrimination
  • Mental health
  • Policy
  • Stigma
  • Well-being
  • Work

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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