An Assessment of HIV/AIDS Risk in Higher Education Students in Yerevan, Armenia

Talin Babikian, Mary Catherin Freier, Gary L. Hopkins, Ralph DiClemente, Duane McBride, Matt Riggs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Armenia's current sociopolitical and economic instability and the alarming HIV incidence rates in neighboring countries amplify its risk for a national epidemic. The goals of this study were to assess HIV/AIDS knowledge and risk behaviors among higher education students in Yerevan. Knowledge of HIV transmission through sexual intercourse was markedly higher than that on intravenous transmission and prevailing myths; however, HIV/AIDS knowledge was not related to risk behaviors. Tobacco and alcohol prevalence was relatively high. Students reported risky sexual behaviors, including inconsistent condom use, casual sex, and multiple partners. In addition to descriptive statistics delineating gender differences across the target behavioral domains, bivariate and multivariate statistical analyses were used to understand factors that contributed to increased risk, including early age of initiation and the relationship between substance use and risky sexual activity. The study results provide much-needed information for the development of school- and community-based AIDS prevention programs in Armenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-61
Number of pages15
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2004


  • Armenia
  • Health risk behaviors
  • Students
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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