An energy-based mapping method for identifying the in-plane orientations of polypeptides and other macromolecules at crystalline interfaces

Yaohua Dai, John Spencer Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present an energy-based algorithm, POINTER, which can determine the permissible alignments of a polypeptide (or other macromolecule) with respect to the lattice vectors of an interfacial surface (this alignment is defined by the angle θ). The algorithm represents both the interface and the macromolecule in three dimensions. For each value of θ, incremental moves of the macromolecule occur in the x, y, z direction along the θ orientation, as well as rotation (ω, γ, ζ) of either the macromolecular chain or the interfacial slab. We utilized a simple forcefield that consists of a dipole-dipole, dipole-charge, or charge-charge electrostatic interaction term and a Lennard-Jones attraction-repulsion term to describe the nonbonding interactions between macromolecular atoms and interfacial atoms. We benchmarked our method by modeling ice- and mineral-interaction polypeptides on various Miller planes of hexagonal ice and inorganic solids, respectively. In addition, we searched phase space for a simpler, nonpolypeptide system: The ice-nucleating C31 alcohol monolayer (comprised of 61 C31 molecules) in contact with the {001} plane of hexagonal ice. Our results indicate that the POINTER simulation method can reproduce the macromolecule orientation observed for each benchmark system. In addition, our simulations point to a number of factors - polypeptide binding site structure, the positioning of hydrophobic residues near the interface, and interface topology - which can influence the adsorption orientation of polypeptides on hexagonal ice and inorganic solids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5144-5157
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume112
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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