An Evolutionary Concept Analysis of the "fighter" in the Intensive Care Unit

Laura Tycon Moreines, Abraham Brody, Komal Patel Murali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this article was to analyze the concept of "the fighter in the intensive care unit (ICU)"per the scientific literature and the impact this mentality has on care administered in the ICU. A literature review and a concept analysis based on Rodger's evolutionary method were performed to identify surrogate terms, antecedents, attributes, and consequences pertaining to the "fighter"in the ICU. Thirteen articles with a focus on "the fighter"were included in this analysis. There is a strong desire to remain optimistic and maintain high spirits as a coping mechanism in the face of extreme prognostic uncertainty. Themes that emerged from the literature were the need to find inner strength and persist in the face of adversity. The concept of "the fighter in the ICU"can serve as either adaptive or maladaptive coping, depending on the larger clinical picture. Patient experiences in the ICU are fraught with physical and psychological distress. How the patient and family unit cope during this anxiety-provoking time is based on the individual. Maintaining optimism and identifying as a fighter can be healthy ways to adapt to the circumstances. This concept analysis highlights the importance of holistic care and instilling hope particularly as patients may be nearing the end of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-165
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2024


  • concept analysis
  • critical care
  • fighter
  • goals of care
  • intensive care unit
  • palliative care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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