An H.264 Quad-FullHD low-latency intra video encoder

Muhammad Usman Karim Khan, Jan Micha Borrmann, Lars Bauer, Muhammad Shafique, Jörg Henkel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Video applications are moving from Full-HD capability (1920×1080) to even higher resolutions such as Quad-FullHD (3840×2160). The H.264 Intra-mode can be used by embedded devices to trade off the better encoding efficiency of H.264 temporal prediction (Inter-mode) against savings in area and power as well as saving the massive computational overhead of the sub-pixel motion estimation by using only spatial prediction (Intra-mode). Still, the H.264 Intra-mode requires a large computational effort and imposes severe challenges when targeting Quad-FullHD 25 fps real-time video encoding at moderate operating frequencies (we target 150 MHz) and limited area budget. Therefore, in this work we address the strong sequential data dependencies within H.264 Intra-mode that restrict the parallelism and inhibit high resolution encoding by a) decoupling of DC and AC transform paths, b) cycle-budget aware mode prediction scheduling while c) being area efficient. Using our proposed techniques, Quad-FullHD (3840×2160) 28 fps video encoding is achieved at 150 MHz, making our architecture applicable for high definition recording.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - Design, Automation and Test in Europe, DATE 2013
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783981537000
StatePublished - 2013
Event16th Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2013 - Grenoble, France
Duration: Mar 18 2013Mar 22 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings -Design, Automation and Test in Europe, DATE
ISSN (Print)1530-1591


Other16th Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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