An Impedance Readout IC with Ratio-Based Measurement Techniques for Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy

Song I. Cheon, Soon Jae Kweon, Youngin Kim, Jimin Koo, Sohmyung Ha, Minkyu Je

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents an error-tolerant and power-efficient impedance measurement scheme for bioimpedance acquisition. The proposed architecture measures the magnitude and the real part of the target complex impedance, unlike other impedance measurement architectures measuring either the real/imaginary components or the magnitude and phase. The phase information of the target impedance is obtained by using the ratio between the magnitude and the real components. This can allow for avoiding direct phase measurements, which require fast, power-hungry circuit blocks. A reference resistor is connected in series with the target impedance to compensate for the errors caused by the delay in the sinusoidal signal generator and the amplifier at the front. Moreover, an additional magnitude measurement path is connected to the reference resistor to cancel out the nonlinearity of the proposed system and enhance the settling speed of the low-pass filter by a ratio-based detection. Thanks to this ratio-based detection, the accuracy is enhanced by 30%, and the settling time is improved by 87.7% compared to the conventional single-path detection. The proposed integrated circuit consumes only 513 µW for a wide frequency range of 10 Hz to 1 MHz, with the maximum magnitude and phase errors of 0.3% and 2.1, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1563
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022


  • Bioimpedance
  • De-modulator
  • Electrical impedance spectroscopy
  • Low-complexity design
  • Ratio-based detection
  • Real/magnitude measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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