An optimal randomized cell prob e lower bound for approximate nearest neighbor searching

Amit Chakrabartl, Oded Regev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We consider the approximate nearest neighbor search problem on the Hamming cube {0, 1}d. We show that a randomized cell probe algorithm that uses polynomial storage and word size dO(1) requires a worst case query time of Ω(loglog d/logloglog d). The approximation factor may be as loose as 2log 1-nd for any fixed n ≤ 0. Our result fills a major gap in the study of this problem since all earlier lower bounds either did not allow randomization [A. Chakrabarti et al., A lower bound on the complexity of approximate nearest-neighbor searching on the Hamming cube, in Discrete and Computational Geometry, Springer, Berlin , 2003, pp. 313-328; D. Liu, Inform. Process. Lett., 92 (2004), pp. 23-29] or did not allow approximation [A. Borodin, R. Ostrovsky, and Y. Rabani, Proceedings of the 31st Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, 1999, pp. 312-321; O. Barkol and Y. Rabani, Proceedings of the 32nd Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, 2000, pp. 388-396; T. S. Jayram et al., J. Comput. System Sci., 69 (2004), pp. 435-447]. We also give a cell probe algorithm that proves that our lower bound is optimal. Our proof uses a lower bound on the round complexity of the related communicat ion problem. We show, additionally, that considerations of bit complexity alone cannot prove any n ontrivial cell probe lower bound for the problem. This shows that the "richness technique" [P. B. Miltersen et al., J. Comput. System Sci., 57 (1998), pp. 37-49] used in a lot of recent research around this problem would not have helped here. Our proof is based on information theoretic techniques for communication complexity, a theme that has been prominent in recent research [A. Chakrabarti et al., Proceedings of the 42nd Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, 2001 , pp. 270-278; Z. Bar-Yossef et al., Proceedings of the 43rd Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, 2002, pp. 209-218; P. Sen, Proceedings of the 18th Annual IEEE Conference on Computational Complexity, 2003, pp. 73-83; R. Jain, J. Radhakrishnan, and P. Sen, Proceedings of the 30th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages and Programming, 2003, pp. 300-315].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1919-1940
Number of pages22
JournalSIAM Journal on Computing
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 25 2010

Keywords

  • Cell probe model
  • Nearest neighbor search
  • Round elimination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Mathematics(all)

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