Analysis of One-Bit Quantized Linear Precoding Schemes in Multi-Cell Massive MIMO Downlink

Qurrat Ul Ain Nadeem, Anas Chaaban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work studies a multi-cell one-bit massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system that employs one-bit analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) and digital-to-analog converters (DACs) at each base station (BS). We utilize Bussgang decomposition to derive downlink signal-to-quantization-plus-interference-plus-noise ratio (SQINR) and ergodic achievable rate expressions under one-bit quantized maximum ratio transmission (MRT) and zero-forcing (ZF) precoding schemes considering scenarios with and without pilot contamination (PC) in the derived channel estimates. The results are also simplified for the mixed architecture that employs full resolution (FR) ADCs and one-bit DACs, and the conventional architecture that employs FR ADCs and DACs. The SQINR is shown to decrease by a factor of 2/π and 4/π2 in the one-bit setting compared to that achieved in the mixed setting and conventional setting respectively under MRT precoding without PC. Interestingly, the decrease in SQINR is less when we consider PC, which is shown to adversely impact the conventional system more than the one-bit system. Similar insights are obtained under ZF precoding with the decrease in the SQINR with the use of one-bit ADCs and DACs being more pronounced. We utilize the derived expressions to yield performance insights related to power efficiency, the numbers of antennas needed by the three architectures to achieve the same sum-rate, and energy efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • achievable rates
  • Bussgang decomposition
  • Channel estimation
  • Computer architecture
  • Downlink
  • linear precoding
  • Massive MIMO
  • Multi-cell massive MIMO
  • one-bit quantization
  • Precoding
  • Quantization (signal)
  • Uplink

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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