Analytical and forecasting study for wastewater treatment and water resources in Saudi Arabia

Abdullah Alkhudhiri, Nawaf Bin Darwish, Nidal Hilal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Water treatment is a strategic solution to resolve the water shortage in agriculture and industrial sectors in Saudi Arabia. Rainfall which is not a reliable water source varies from 50 mm in most of the country to 500 mm per year in the southwest region. Lack of incentive and poor water treatment level were the main challenges in the water treatment industry. The water consumption in 2018; around 3360 million m3, was almost 70% higher than it was in 2007. Similarly, the total municipal wastewater increased steadily and it is predicted to rise dramatically between 2025 and 2050 to reach 5090 million m3. Treated water rose by nearly 200 % between 2007 and 2018 and is expected to grow annually by 4% between 2025 to 2050.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100915
JournalJournal of Water Process Engineering
StatePublished - Dec 2019


  • Climate change
  • Forecasting
  • Industrial water demand
  • Municipal wastewater
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Wastewater reuse
  • Wastewater treatment plants
  • Water quality
  • Water resources
  • Water reuse standards

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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