Analytical modeling of masonry-infilled RC frames retrofitted with textile-reinforced mortar

L. Koutas, T. C. Triantafillou, S. N. Bousias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper proposes an analytical approach for modeling the behavior of textile-reinforced mortar (TRM)-strengthened masonry-infilled reinforced-concrete (RC) frames under seismic loading. The model falls into the discrete diagonal-element type and is based on the use of single-strut and single-tie elements to represent the infill panel. It builds on the results of past experimental studies by the writers, in which the application of TRM jacketing was effective for seismic retrofitting of masonry-infilled RC frames. The model is implemented in a nonlinear finite-element code, with the parameters of the diagonal elements being determined from a series of tests on TRM coupons and masonry specimens. The results of the numerical analyses are compared with the experimental data of cyclic tests on 3-story masonry infilled RC frames (as-built and after retrofitting). The model developed in this paper adequately accounts for the TRM-strengthening contribution to the global response of masonry-infilled frames.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04014082
JournalJournal of Composites for Construction
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015


  • Masonry infill
  • Modeling
  • OpenSees
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Seismic retrofitting
  • Strengthening
  • Textile-reinforced mortar (TRM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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