BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE - : We sought to identify baseline determinants of the anatomic pattern of hematoma expansion in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage and spot sign. METHODS - : We coregistered baseline and follow-up CT scans from 15 intracerebral hemorrhage patients and measured growth at each surface node from baseline to follow-up hematoma. We analyzed the effects of proximity to the spot sign or hematoma center on distance of expansion, controlling for covariates. RESULTS - : There was substantial node-to-node variation in the extent of expansion around each hematoma surface (mean coefficient of variation for expansion distance, 0.43; 95% confidence interval, 0.39-0.48), indicating nonuniform expansion. Closer proximity to the hematoma center was independently associated with increased expansion (0.185 mm greater expansion for each 1 mm closer to the center; P<0.0001). Closer proximity to the spot sign was not independently associated with increased expansion in models including both terms. CONCLUSIONS - : Hemorrhages expand nonuniformly around their surface with a tendency for greater expansion closer to their center. These findings provide a novel framework for analyzing mechanisms underlying hemorrhage growth and response to treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing