Anatomy of a Summertime Convective Event over the Arabian Region

Deepak Gopalakrishnan, Sourav Taraphdar, Olivier M. Pauluis, Lulin Xue, R. S. Ajayamohan, Noor A.L. Shamsi, Sisi Chen, Jared A. Lee, Wojciech W. Grabowski, Changhai Liu, Sarah A. Tessendorf, Roy M. Rasmussen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study investigates the structure and evolution of a summertime convective event that occurred on 14 July 2015 over the Arabian region. We use the WRF Model with 1-km horizontal grid spacing and test three PBL parameterizations: the Mellor-Yamada-Nakanishi-Niino (MYNN) scheme; the Asymmetrical Convective Model, version 2, (ACM2) scheme; and the quasi-normal scale-elimination (QNSE) scheme. Convection initiates near the Al Hajar Mountains of northern Oman at around 1100 local time (LT; 0700 UTC) and propagates northwestward. A nonorographic convective band along the west coast of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) develops after 1500 LT as a result of the convergence of cold pools with the sea breeze from the Arabian Gulf. The model simulation employing the QNSE scheme simulates the convection initiation and propagation well. Although the MYNN and ACM2 simulations show convective initiation near the Al Hajar Mountains, they fail to simulate the development of the convective band along the UAE west coast. The MYNN run simulates colder near-surface temperatures and a weaker sea breeze, whereas the ACM2 run simulates a stronger sea breeze but a drier lower troposphere. Sensitivity simulations using horizontal grid spacings of 9 and 3 km show that lower-resolution runs develop broader convective structures and weaker cold pools and horizontal wind divergence, affecting the development of convection along the west coast of the UAE. The 1-km run using the QNSE PBL scheme realistically captures the sequence of events that leads to the moist convection over the UAE and adjacent mountains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)989-1004
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Weather Review
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2023


  • Cloud-resolving models
  • Deep convection
  • Isentropic analysis
  • Orographic effects
  • Precipitation
  • Sea breezes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Anatomy of a Summertime Convective Event over the Arabian Region'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this