Annexin V/β5 integrin interactions regulate apoptosis of growth plate chondrocytes

Wei Wang, Thorsten Kirsch

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Apoptosis of terminally differentiated chondrocytes allows the replacement of growth plate cartilage by bone. Despite its importance, little is known about the regulation of chondrocyte apoptosis. We show that overexpression of annexin V, which binds to the cytoplasmic domain of β5 integrin and protein kinase C α(PKCα), stimulates apoptotic events in hypertrophic growth plate chondrocytes. To determine whether the balance between the interactions of annexin V/β5 integrin and annexin V/active PKCα play a role in the regulation of terminally differentiated growth plate chondrocyte apoptosis, a peptide mimic of annexin V (Penetratin (Pen)-VVISYSMPD) that binds to β5 integrin but not to PKCα was used. This peptide stimulated apoptotic events in growth plate chondrocytes. Suppression of annexin V expression using small interfering ribonucleic acid decreased caspase-3 activity and increased cell viability in Pen-VVISYSMPD-treated growth plate chondrocytes. An activator of PKC resulted in a further decrease of cell viability and further increase of caspase-3 activity in Pen-VVISYSMPD-treated growth plate chondrocytes, whereas inhibitors of PKCα led to an increase of cell viability and decrease of caspase-3 activity of Pen-VVISYSMPD-treated cells. These findings suggest that binding of annexin V to active PKCα stimulates apoptotic events in growth plate chondrocytes and that binding of annexin V to β5 integrin controls these interactions and ultimately apoptosis.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)30848-30856
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Volume281
    Issue number41
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 13 2006

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology

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