Antarctic climate change and the environment

P. Correction Convey, R. Bindschadler, G. Di Prisco, E. Fahrbach, J. Gutt, D. A. Hodgson, P. A. Mayewski, C. P. Summerhayes, J. Turner, Nerilie Abram, Byron Adams, David Ainley, John Anderson, Todd Arbetter, Rob Arthern, Angus Atkinson, Carlo Barbante, Roberto Bargagli, Luca Bargelloni, Dave BarnesPeter Barrett, Mike Bentley, Dana Bergstrom, Nancy Bertler, Bob Bindschadler, James Bockheim, Greg Bodeker, Laurent Bopp, Claude Boutron, Tom Bracegirdle, David Bromwich, Steven Chown, Andy Clarke, Joey Comiso, Peter Convey, Alison Cook, Alistair Crame, Xavier Crosta, Mark Curran, Guido Di Prisco, Eberhard Fahrbach, Jim Fastook, Andrew Fleming, Jaume Forcada, Jane Francis, Yves Frenot, Josep Maria Gili, Ian Goodwin, Hughes Goosse, Mauro Gugliemin, Julian Gutt, Hartmut Hellmer, Francoise Hennion, Karen Heywood, Dominic A. Hodgson, David Holland, Sung Min Hong, Adrian Huiskes, Enrique Isla, Stan Jacobs, Adrian Jenkins, Anna Jones, Rebecca Leaper, Wouter Lefebvre, Andrew Lenton, Katrin Linse, Amanda Lynch, Gareth Marshall, Guillaume Massé, Valerie Masson-Delmotte, Paul Mayewski, Mike Meredith, Nicolas Metzl, Andrew Monaghan, Robert Mulvaney, Alison Murray, Alberto Naveira-Garabato, Kevin Newsham, Siobhan O'Farrell, Covadonga Orejas, Lloyd Peck, Hans Otto Pörtner, Steve Rintoul, Regine Röthilsburger, Sharon Robinson, Howard Roscoe, Sergio Rossi, Ted Scambos, Sigrid Schiel, Jon Shanklin, Daniel Smale, Victor Smetacek, Mike Sparrow, Kevin Speer, Mark Stevens, Colin Summerhayes, Philip Trathan, John Turner, Kees Van Der Veen, Tas Van Ommen, Ann Vanreusel, David Vaughan, Cinzia Verde, Elie Verleyen, Wim Vyverman, Zhaomin Wang, David Webb, Christian Wiencke, Anne Willems, Philip Woodworth, Tony Worby, Roger Worland, Takashi Yamanouchi, Lorenzo Zane

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The Antarctic climate system varies on timescales from orbital, through millennial to sub-annual, and is closely coupled to other parts of the global climate system. We review these variations from the perspective of the geological and glaciological records and the recent historical period from which we have instrumental data (∼ the last 50 years). We consider their consequences for the biosphere, and show how the latest numerical models project changes into the future, taking into account human actions in the form of the release of greenhouse gases and chlorofluorocarbons into the atmosphere. In doing so, we provide an essential Southern Hemisphere companion to the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-563
Number of pages23
JournalAntarctic Science
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009

Keywords

  • Antarctica
  • Biology
  • Environmental change
  • Geology
  • Glaciology
  • Southern Ocean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Geology

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