This paper presents an application of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) to model the failure rate and estimate the optimal replacement time for the individual pipes in an urban water distribution system. The performances of the ANN are examined using a 14-year data set collected in a city in the north of France. The first part of the paper presents the collected data. The second part describes the construction and validation of six ANN models. After a discussion of the performances of these models, they are used for the prediction of water mains failure and the determination of the benefit index, which allows optimization of investment for the rehabilitation and maintenance of urban water mains. The spatial repartition of the risk of degradation is illustrated using a geographic information system, which constitutes an effective tool for the elaboration of strategies of rehabilitation of water distribution systems.
- Artificial Neural networks
- Urban water
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Modeling and Simulation
- Computer Science Applications