Applications, Deployments, and Integration of Internet of Drones (IoD): A Review

Laith Abualigah, Ali Diabat, Putra Sumari, Amir H. Gandomi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The Internet of Drones (IoD) has become a hot research topic in academia, industry, and management in current years due to its wide potential applications, such as aerial photography, civilian, and military. This paper presents a comprehensive survey of IoD and its applications, deployments, and integration. We focused in this review on two main sides; IoD Applications include smart cities surveillance, cloud and fog frameworks, unmanned aerial vehicles, wireless sensor networks, networks, mobile computing, and business paradigms; integration of IoD includes privacy protection, security authentication, neural network, blockchain, and optimization based-method. A discussion highlights the hot research topics and problems to help researchers interested in this area in their future works. The keywords that have been used in this paper are Internet of Drones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25532-25546
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 15 2021


  • Internet of Drones (IoD)
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • blockchain
  • fog-cloud framework
  • security and privacy
  • smart cities
  • unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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