Applications of additive manufacturing in dentistry: A review

Aishwarya Bhargav, Vijayavenkatraman Sanjairaj, Vinicius Rosa, Lu Wen Feng, Jerry Fuh YH

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Additive manufacturing (AM) or 3D printing has been hailed as the third industrial revolution as it has caused a paradigm shift in the way objects have been manufactured. Conventionally, converting a raw material to a fully finished and assembled, usable product comprises several steps which can be eliminated by using this process as functional products can be created directly from the raw material at a fraction of the time originally consumed. Thus, AM has found applications in several sectors including automotive, aerospace, printed electronics, and healthcare. AM is increasingly being used in the healthcare sector, given its potential to fabricate patient-specific customized implants with required accuracy and precision. Implantable heart valves, rib cages, and bones are some of the examples where AM technologies are used. A vast variety of materials including ceramics, metals, polymers, and composites have been processed to fabricate intricate implants using 3D printing. The applications of AM in dentistry include maxillofacial implants, dentures, and other prosthetic aids. It may also be used in surgical training and planning, as anatomical models can be created at ease using AM. This article gives an overview of the AM process and reviews in detail the applications of 3D printing in dentistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2058-2064
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Volume106
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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