Applying behavioral insights to delay school start times

Susan Kohl Malone, Terra Ziporyn, Alison M. Buttenheim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Healthy People 2020 established a national objective to increase the proportion of 9th-to-12th-grade students reporting sufficient sleep. A salient approach for achieving this objective is to delay middle and high school start times. Despite decades of research supporting the benefits of delayed school start times on adolescent sleep, health, and well-being, progress has been slow. Accelerating progress will require new approaches incorporating strategies that influence how school policy decisions are made. In this commentary, we introduce four strategies that influence decision-making processes and demonstrate how they can be applied to efforts aimed at changing school start time policies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-485
Number of pages3
JournalSleep Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2017


  • Adolescents
  • Behavioral economics
  • Policy change
  • School start times
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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