Artificial intelligence system reduces false-positive findings in the interpretation of breast ultrasound exams

Yiqiu Shen, Farah E. Shamout, Jamie R. Oliver, Jan Witowski, Kawshik Kannan, Jungkyu Park, Nan Wu, Connor Huddleston, Stacey Wolfson, Alexandra Millet, Robin Ehrenpreis, Divya Awal, Cathy Tyma, Naziya Samreen, Yiming Gao, Chloe Chhor, Stacey Gandhi, Cindy Lee, Sheila Kumari-Subaiya, Cindy LeonardReyhan Mohammed, Christopher Moczulski, Jaime Altabet, James Babb, Alana Lewin, Beatriu Reig, Linda Moy, Laura Heacock, Krzysztof J. Geras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Though consistently shown to detect mammographically occult cancers, breast ultrasound has been noted to have high false-positive rates. In this work, we present an AI system that achieves radiologist-level accuracy in identifying breast cancer in ultrasound images. Developed on 288,767 exams, consisting of 5,442,907 B-mode and Color Doppler images, the AI achieves an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of 0.976 on a test set consisting of 44,755 exams. In a retrospective reader study, the AI achieves a higher AUROC than the average of ten board-certified breast radiologists (AUROC: 0.962 AI, 0.924 ± 0.02 radiologists). With the help of the AI, radiologists decrease their false positive rates by 37.3% and reduce requested biopsies by 27.8%, while maintaining the same level of sensitivity. This highlights the potential of AI in improving the accuracy, consistency, and efficiency of breast ultrasound diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5645
JournalNature communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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