Aspects of psychological resilience among transgender youth

Arnold H. Grossman, Anthony R. D'Augelli, John A. Frank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Fifty-five transgender youth described their gender development and some of the stressful life experiences related to their gender identity and gender expression. More than two-thirds of youth reported past verbal abuse by their parents or peers related to their gender identity and nonconformity, and approximately one-fifth to one-third reported past physical abuse. The more gender nonconforming the youth were, the more abuse they reported. Four aspects of psychological resilience were examined: a sense of personal mastery, self-esteem, perceived social support, and emotionoriented coping. A regression model of the selected aspects of resilience accounted for 40%-55% of the variance in relation to depression, trauma symptoms, mental health symptoms, and internalizing and externalizing problems. Emotion-oriented coping was a significant predictor of negative mental health as determined by each of the mental health variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-115
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of LGBT Youth
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2011


  • Gender
  • Identity development
  • Psychological resilience
  • Transgender
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Education


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