Microbial communities are influenced by a complex system of host effects, including traits involved in physical barriers, immunity, hormones, metabolisms and nutrient homeostasis. Variation of host control within species is governed by many genes of small effect and is sensitive to biotic and abiotic environments. On the flip side, these host impacts seem targeted on particular microbial species, with that impact percolating through the microbial community. There is not yet evidence that the nature and strength of these interactions differs between fungal and bacterial communities, or among different compartments of the plant. The challenge of deciphering how systems of host traits impact systems of microbial associates is vast but holds promise for developing novel strategies to improve plant health.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering