Assessing the transtheoretical model of change constructs for physicians counseling smokers

Elyse R. Park, Judith D. DePue, Michael G. Goldstein, Raymond Niaura, Lisa L. Harlow, Cynthia Willey, William Rakowski, Alexander V. Prokhorov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Baseline data from a population-based sample of 259 primary care physicians were used to examine the interrelations of 3 central constructs of the Transtheoretical Model of Change (TTM; stages of change, self-efficacy, and decisional balance) in regard to smoking cessation counseling behavior. In this article we explore the potential use of the TTM for future interventions to help understand and guide physicians' behavior change toward increasing adoption of smoking cessation interventions with their patients. It was hypothesized that self-efficacy and the decisional balance of counseling would be significantly related to physicians' stages of change, which in turn would be related to self-reported physician counseling behavior. Principal components analyses were conducted to examine the self-efficacy and decisional balance constructs. Coefficient alphas were .90 for self-efficacy and .84 and .78 for the pros and cons scales, respectively. Consistent with the TTM, analyses of variance revealed that later stages of physicians' readiness to provide smoking cessation counseling were associated with higher self-efficacy scores. Earlier stages showed significantly higher cons and lower pros of smoking cessation counseling. Structural equation modeling procedures supported the hypothesized path analysis model in which 3 constructs related to stage of readiness, which in turn related to reported physicians' counseling behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-126
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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