Assessment of excavation-induced building damage

E. J. Cording, J. L. Long, M. Son, D. Laefer, B. Ghahreman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Ground movements during excavation have the potential for major impact on nearby buildings, utilities and streets. Increasingly ground movements are controlled at the source. They are assessed by linking the ground loss at the excavation wall to the volume change and displacements in the soil mass, and then to the lateral strains and angular distortion in structural bays or units, and are related to damage using a damage criterion based on the state of strain at a point. Numerical and physical models of excavation-induced building damage were used to vary parameters and develop procedures for assessing distortion and damage. Examples of building distortion and damage are presented for brick bearing wall structures of the 1800's and early 1900's, as well as later frame structures, that illustrate how geometry, era of construction, stiffness, and condition influence building response to ground movement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEarth Retention Conference 3 - Proceedings of the 2010 Earth Retention Conference
Pages101-120
Number of pages20
Edition208 GSP
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Event2010 Earth Retention Conference - Earth Retention Conference 3 - Bellevue, WA, United States
Duration: Aug 1 2010Aug 4 2010

Publication series

NameGeotechnical Special Publication
Number208 GSP
Volume384
ISSN (Print)0895-0563

Other

Other2010 Earth Retention Conference - Earth Retention Conference 3
CountryUnited States
CityBellevue, WA
Period8/1/108/4/10

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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  • Cite this

    Cording, E. J., Long, J. L., Son, M., Laefer, D., & Ghahreman, B. (2010). Assessment of excavation-induced building damage. In Earth Retention Conference 3 - Proceedings of the 2010 Earth Retention Conference (208 GSP ed., pp. 101-120). (Geotechnical Special Publication; Vol. 384, No. 208 GSP). https://doi.org/10.1061/41128(384)7