Association Between Social Determinants of Health and Glycemic Control Among African American People with Type 2 diabetes: The Jackson Heart Study

Jie Hu, David M. Kline, Alai Tan, Songzhu Zhao, Guy Brock, Lorraine C. Mion, Jimmy T. Efird, Danxin Wang, Mario Sims, Bei Wu, Morgana Mongraw-Chaffin, Joshua J. Joseph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Social determinants of health have a significant impact on health outcomes. However, the complexity and interaction of multiple factors influencing glycemic control remain understudied. PURPOSE: This study examined associations of socioeconomic position (income, education, and occupation), environmental (physical activity facilities, neighborhood social cohesion, neighborhood problem, and violence), behavioral (physical activity, nutrition, and smoking), and psychological factors (depressive symptoms, stress, and discrimination) with glycemic control (hemoglobin A1c [A1c]) using the World Health Organization Social Determinants of Health framework in African American adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A secondary data analysis was conducted using a longitudinal cohort of 1,240 African American adults with type 2 diabetes who participated in the community-based Jackson Heart Study. Socioeconomic position, environmental, behavioral, and psychological factors were measured using validated instruments in the Jackson Heart Study. Longitudinal structural equation modeling was used with glycemic control (A1c) collected over time (Exams 1-3) as the study outcome. RESULTS: Our study presents the complex interplay of socioeconomic determinants of health and glycemic control over time. Higher socioeconomic position (higher income, higher level of education, and professional occupation) was directly associated with improvement in glycemic control over time. An association of socioeconomic position on glycemic control mediated through health behavior factors was also observed. CONCLUSIONS: In this analysis, socioeconomic position components were determinants of glycemic control in African American adults with type 2 diabetes. Future studies aimed at reducing health disparities and achieving equality of outcomes in this population will benefit from embedding socioeconomic position components into their design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1300-1311
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume56
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 18 2022

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Glycemic control
  • Jackson Heart Study
  • Social determinants of health
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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