Associations between Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and Antibiotic Use: Results from the UAEHFS

Nirmin F. Juber, Abdishakur Abdulle, Amar Ahmad, Fatme AlAnouti, Tom Loney, Youssef Idaghdour, Yvonne Valles, Raghib Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have a higher susceptibility to infections compared to those without PCOS. Studies evaluating antibiotic use based on PCOS status are scarce. Therefore, we aimed to (i) assess the associations between self-reported PCOS and antibiotic use, and (ii) whether PCOS treatment and the age at PCOS diagnosis modified the associations above. This cross-sectional analysis used the United Arab Emirates Healthy Future Study (UAEHFS) conducted from February 2016 to March 2023 involving 2063 Emirati women aged 18–62 years. We performed ordinal logistic regressions under unadjusted and demographic-health-characteristic-adjusted models to obtain the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to analyze PCOS and antibiotic use. Subgroup analyses were performed by treatment status and age at diagnosis. We found that women with PCOS were 55% more likely to frequently take a course of antibiotics in the past year (aOR 1.55; 95% CI 1.26–1.90). Similar likelihoods were also found among those being treated for PCOS and those without treatment but with a PCOS diagnosis at ≤25 years. Our study suggests that PCOS was associated with an increased use of antibiotics among Emirati women. Understanding the frequent antibiotic use susceptibility among those with PCOS may improve antibiotic use surveillance and promote antibiotic stewardship in these at-risk individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number397
JournalAntibiotics
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

Keywords

  • antibiotic use
  • epidemiology
  • global health
  • PCOS
  • polycystic ovary syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Biochemistry
  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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