Asteroseismology of luminous red giants with Kepler I: Long-period variables with radial and non-radial modes

Jie Yu, Timothy R. Bedding, Dennis Stello, Daniel Huber, Douglas L. Compton, Laurent Gizon, Saskia Hekker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


While long-period variables (LPVs) have been extensively investigated, especially with MACHO and OGLE data for the Magellanic Clouds, there still exist open questions in their pulsations regarding the excitation mechanisms, radial order, and angular degree assignment. Here, we perform asteroseismic analyses on LPVs observed by the 4-year Kepler mission. Using a cross-correlation method, we detect unambiguous pulsation ridges associated with radial fundamental modes (n = 1) and overtones (n ≥ 2), where the radial order assignment is made using theoretical frequencies and observed frequencies. Our results confirm that the amplitude variability seen in semiregulars is consistent with oscillations being solar-like. We identify that the dipole modes, l = 1, are dominant in the radial orders of 3 ≤ n ≤ 6, and that quadrupole modes, l = 2, are dominant in the first overtone n = 2. A test of seismic scaling relations using Gaia DR2 parallaxes reveals the possibility that the relations break down when νmax ≤ 3 μHz (R ≥ 40 R⊙, or log L/L⊙ ≥ 2.6). Our homogeneous measurements of pulsation amplitude and period for 3213 LPVs will be valuable for probing effects of pulsation on mass-loss, in particular in those stars with periods around 60 d, which has been argued as a threshold of substantial pulsation-triggered mass-loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1388-1403
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020


  • Stars: evolution
  • Stars: late-type
  • Stars: oscillations
  • Techniques: photometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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