Atomic-force microscopy investigations of filtration membranes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In this chapter we will discuss contributions which can be made to the study and characterization of filtration membrane surfaces using the technique of atomic-force microscopy (AFM), using specific examples. We will begin by giving an overview of the AFM technique itself, explaining the basic mode of operation, followed by a brief discussion of the contributions described in the literature. We will then concentrate on three examples of work which we have carried out recently using AFM to characterize various polymer membranes under different conditions. These examples are: the study of the effects of environment and imaging mode on the observations made of polymeric nanofiltration membranes using AFM; and the study of inorganic scaling on membranes used for seawater membrane distillation; the study of humic acid adhesion forces with novel polymer membranes under different conditions, including those simulating membrane bioreactor treatment of dye effluent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationApplication of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9781351715263
ISBN (Print)9781138896581
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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