Aversive racism and medical interactions with Black patients: A field study

Louis A. Penner, John F. Dovidio, Tessa V. West, Samuel L. Gaertner, Terrance L. Albrecht, Rhonda K. Dailey, Tsveti Markova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Medical interactions between Black patients and nonBlack physicians are usually less positive and productive than same-race interactions. We investigated the role that physician explicit and implicit biases play in shaping physician and patient reactions in racially discordant medical interactions. We hypothesized that whereas physicians' explicit bias would predict their own reactions, physicians' implicit bias, in combination with physician explicit (self-reported) bias, would predict patients' reactions. Specifically, we predicted that patients would react most negatively when their physician fit the profile of an aversive racist (i.e., low explicit-high implicit bias). The hypothesis about the effects of explicit bias on physicians' reactions was partially supported. The aversive racism hypothesis received support. Black patients had less positive reactions to medical interactions with physicians relatively low in explicit but relatively high in implicit bias than to interactions with physicians who were either: (a) low in both explicit and implicit bias, or (b) high in both explicit and implicit bias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)436-440
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Aversive racism
  • Health disparities
  • Implicit racial bias
  • Medical interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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    Penner, L. A., Dovidio, J. F., West, T. V., Gaertner, S. L., Albrecht, T. L., Dailey, R. K., & Markova, T. (2010). Aversive racism and medical interactions with Black patients: A field study. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(2), 436-440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2009.11.004