Azobenzene-Equipped Covalent Organic Framework: Light-Operated Reservoir

Gobinda Das, Thirumurugan Prakasam, Matthew A. Addicoat, Sudhir Kumar Sharma, Florent Ravaux, Renny Mathew, Maria Baias, Ramesh Jagannathan, Mark A. Olson, Ali Trabolsi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Light-operated materials have gained significant attention for their potential technological importance. To achieve molecular motion within extended networks, stimuli-responsive units require free space. The majority of the so far reported 2D-extended organic networks with responsive moieties restrict their freedom of motion on account of their connectivity providing constrained free volume for efficient molecular motion. We report here a light-responsive azobenzene-functionalized covalent organic framework (TTA-AzoDFP) designed in a way that the pendent azobenzene groups are pointing toward the pore channels with sufficient free volume necessary for the unencumbered dynamic motion to occur inside the pores of the covalent organic framework (COF) and undergo a reversible trans-cis photoisomerization upon light irradiation. The resulting hydrophobic COF was used for the storage of rhodamine B and its controlled release in solution by the mechanical motion of the azobenzene units triggered by ultraviolet-light irradiation. The TTA-AzoDFP displayed unprecedented photoregulated fluorescence emission behavior upon UV-light irradiation. Size, emission, and degree of hydrophobicity with respect to trans-cis-trans photoisomerization could be reversibly controlled by alternating UV- and visible-light exposure. The results reported here demonstrate once again the importance of the careful design of the linkers not only to allow the incorporation of molecular switches within the chemical structure of COFs but also to provide the required free space for not hindering their motion. The results demonstrate that responsive COFs could be suitable platforms for delivery systems that can be controlled by external stimuli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19078-19087
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number48
StatePublished - Dec 4 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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