Balancing Neumann-Neumann Methods for Incompressible Stokes Equations

Luca F. Pavarino, Olof B. Widlund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Balancing Neumann-Neumann methods are introduced and studied for incompressible Stokes equations discretized with mixed finite or spectral elements with discontinuous pressures. After decomposing the original domain of the problem into nonoverlapping subdomains, the interior unknowns, which are the interior velocity component and all except the constant-pressure component, of each subdomain problem are implicitly eliminated. The resulting saddle point Schur complement is solved with a Krylov space method with a balancing Neumann-Neumann preconditioner based on the solution of a coarse Stokes problem with a few degrees of freedom per subdomain and on the solution of local Stokes problems with natural and essential boundary conditions on the subdomains. This preconditioner is of hybrid form in which the coarse problem is treated multiplicatively while the local problems are treated additively. The condition number of the preconditioned operator is independent of the number of subdomains and is bounded from above by the product of the square of the logarithm of the local number of unknowns in each subdomain and a factor that depends on the inverse of the inf-sup constants of the discrete problem and of the coarse sub-problem. Numerical results show that the method is quite fast; they are also fully consistent with the theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)302-335
Number of pages34
JournalCommunications on Pure and Applied Mathematics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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