The base and nucleotide excision repair pathways (BER and NER, respectively) are two major mechanisms that remove DNA lesions formed by the reactions of genotoxic intermediates with cellular DNA. We have demonstrated earlier that the oxidatively generated guanine lesions spiroiminodihydantoin (Sp) and 5-guanidinohydantoin (Gh) are excised from double-stranded DNA by competing BER and NER in whole-cell extracts [Shafirovich, V., et al. (2016) J. Biol. Chem. 321, 5309-5319]. In this work we compared the NER and BER yields with single Gh or Sp lesions embedded at the same sites in covalently closed circular pUC19NN plasmid DNA (cccDNA) and in the same but linearized form (linDNA) of this plasmid. The kinetics of the Sp and Gh BER and NER incisions were monitored in HeLa cell extracts. The yield of NER products is ∼5 times greater in covalently closed circular DNA than in the linearized form, while the BER yield is smaller by ∼20-30% depending on the guanine lesion. Control BER experiments with 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG) show that the BER yield is increased by a factor of only 1.4 ± 0.2 in cccDNA relative to linDNA. These surprising differences in BER and NER activities are discussed in terms of the lack of termini in covalently closed circular DNA and the DNA lesion search dynamics of the NER DNA damage sensor XPC-RAD23B and the BER enzyme OGG1 that recognizes and excises 8-oxoG.
ASJC Scopus subject areas