Basis of ionospheric modification by high-frequency waves

S. P. Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The requirements of achieving ionospheric modification by ground-transmitted HF heating waves are discussed. The directly relevant processes including linear mode conversion and parametric instabilities are explained physically. The nonlinear Schrodinger equation for Langmuir waves is reviewed and the initial conditions of two types of nonlinear solutions are discussed; from which the criterion for Langmuir soliton generation is pointed out.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-296
Number of pages20
JournalProgress in Electromagnetics Research
StatePublished - 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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