Battery characterization via eddy-current imaging with nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond

Xue Zhang, Georgios Chatzidrosos, Yinan Hu, Huijie Zheng, Arne Wickenbrock, Alexej Jerschow, Dmitry Budker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Sensitive and accurate diagnostic technologies with magnetic sensors are of great importance for identifying and localizing defects of rechargeable solid batteries using noninvasive detection. We demonstrate a microwave-free alternating current (AC) magnetometry method with negatively charged NV centers in diamond based on a cross-relaxation feature between nitrogenvacancy (NV) centers and individual substitutional nitrogen (P1) centers occurring at 51.2mT.We apply the technique to non-destructively image solid-state batteries. By detecting the eddy-currentinduced magnetic field of the battery, we distinguish a defect on the external electrode and identify structural anomalies within the battery body. The achieved spatial resolution is 360 µm. The maximum magnetic field and phase shift generated by the battery at the modulation frequency of 5 kHz are estimated as 0.04mT and 0.03 rad respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3069
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021


  • Battery diagnostics
  • Eddy current imaging
  • NV-centers in diamond
  • Nondestructive evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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