Objectives. This study assessed trends in HIV risk behaviors among injection drug users in New York City from 1990 to 1997. Methods. Injection drug users were recruited continuously from a large drug detoxification treatment program (N = 2588) and a research storefront located in a high- drug-use area (N = 2701). Informed consent was obtained, and a trained interviewer administered a structured interview covering sociodemographics, drug use history, HIV risk behavior, and participation in syringe exchange. Results. Trends were assessed for 5 risk behaviors in the 6-month period before the interview. The 3 injection risk behaviors declined significantly over time at each site (all P<.01). When data were pooled across sites, all 5 risk behaviors declined significantly over time (all P<.01). Participation in syringe exchange programs and in HIV counseling and testing increased greatly from 1990 to 1997. Conclusions. The continuing risk reduction among injection drug users indicates a 'declining phase' in the large HIV epidemic in New York City. HIV prevention programs appear to be making an important contribution to the declining phase.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health