Analysis of the movement of a complex visual stimulus is expressed in the responses of pattern-direction-selective neurons in area MT, which depend in turn on directionally selective inputs from area V1. How do MT neurons integrate their inputs? Pattern selectivity in MT breaks down when the gratings comprising a moving plaid are presented to non-overlapping regions of the (monocular) receptive field. Here we ask an analogous question, is pattern selectivity maintained when the component gratings are presented dichoptically to binocular MT neurons? We recorded from single units in area MT, measuring responses to monocular gratings and plaids, and to dichoptic plaids in which the components are presented separately to each eye. Neurons that are pattern selective when tested monocularly lose this selectivity when stimulated with dichoptic plaids. When human observers view these same stimuli, dichoptic plaids induce binocular rivalry. Yet motion signals from each eye can be integrated despite rivalry, revealing a dissociation of form and motion perception. These results reveal the role of monocular mechanisms in the computation of pattern motion in single neurons, and demonstrate that the perception of motion is not fully represented by the responses of individual MT neurons.
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