Bond strengths and adhesive remnant index of self-etching adhesives used to bond brackets to instrumented and uninstrumented enamel

Daltro E. Ritter, André V. Ritter, Gabriela Bruggeman, Arno Locks, J. F.Camilla Tulloch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study evaluated bond strengths of orthodontic brackets to instrumented and uninstrumented enamel using self-etching adhesive systems when compared to a total-etch adhesive system. The adhesive remnant index (ARI) was also determined after debonding. Methods: 140 bovine incisors were included in acrylic resin, and divided randomly in two groups: instrumented vs. uninstrumented enamel. For the instrumented enamel, specimens had their facial enamel ground flat to 600-grit. In each group, specimens were subdivided into four experimental subgroups according to the adhesive technique used: Transbond Plus, Adper Prompt L-Pop, iBond, and Adper Single Bond, applied following manufacturers' instructions. Orthodontic brackets were bonded to the treated instrumented or uninstrumented enamel with Transbond XT light-cured resin-based composite cement, and the bond strength was tested in shear mode after 7 days. One group where no etch and no adhesive were used served as a control. ARI scores were determined after debonding. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in mean bond strengths between instrumented and uninstrumented enamel for any of the adhesive systems (P> 0.05). No significant differences were observed for bond strengths among the adhesives tested (P= 0.308), and all experimental groups resulted in mean bond strengths significantly higher than the controls (P< 0.05). Statistically significant differences were identified when ARI scores were compared, with less adhesive remnants being observed for iBond (uninstrumented enamel) and the control groups (P< 0.05).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-50
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of dentistry
Volume19
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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