Bone healing around implants placed in subjects with metabolically compromised systemic conditions

Edmara T.P. Bergamo, Lukasz Witek, Ilana Ramalho, Adolfo C.O. Lopes, Vasudev Vivekanand Nayak, Estevam A. Bonfante, Nick Tovar, Andrea Torroni, Paulo G. Coelho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of this study was to evaluate the bone healing of tight-fit implants placed in the maxilla and mandible of subjects compromised with metabolic syndrome (MS) and type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). Eighteen Göttingen minipigs were randomly distributed into three groups: (i) control (normal diet), (ii) MS (cafeteria diet for obesity induction), (iii) T2DM (cafeteria diet for obesity induction + Streptozotocin for T2DM induction). Maxillary and mandibular premolars and molar were extracted. After 8 weeks of healing, implants with progressive small buttress threads were placed, and allowed to integrate for 6 weeks after which the implant/bone blocks were retrieved for histological processing. Qualitative and quantitative histomorphometric analyses (percentage of bone-to-implant contact, %BIC, and bone area fraction occupancy within implant threads, %BAFO) were performed. The bone healing process around the implant occurred predominantly through interfacial remodeling with subsequent bone apposition. Data as a function of systemic condition yielded significantly higher %BIC and %BAFO values for healthy and MS relative to T2DM. Data as a function of maxilla and mandible did not yield significant differences for either %BIC and %BAFO. When considering both factors, healthy and MS subjects had %BIC and %BAFO trend towards higher values in the mandible relative to maxilla, whereas T2DM yielded higher %BIC and %BAFO in the maxilla relative to mandible. All systemic conditions presented comparable levels of %BIC and %BAFO in the maxilla; healthy and MS presented significantly higher %BIC and %BAFO relative to T2DM in the mandible. T2DM presented lower amounts of bone formation around implants relative to MS and healthy. Implants placed in the maxilla and in the mandible showed comparable amounts of bone in proximity to implants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1664-1671
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2023


  • dental implants
  • metabolic diseases
  • osseointegration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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