Boys' and Girls' Relational and Physical Aggression in Nine Countries

Jennifer E. Lansford, Ann T. Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Laura Di Giunta, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Kenneth A. Dodge, Patrick S. Malone, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Sombat Tapanya, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Arnaldo Zelli, Suha M. Al-Hassan, Liane Peña Alampay, Dario Bacchini, Anna Silvia Bombi, Marc H. Bornstein, Lei Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Distinguishing between relational and physical aggression has become a key feature of many developmental studies in North America and Western Europe, but very little information is available on relational and physical aggression in more diverse cultural contexts. This study examined the factor structure of, associations between, and gender differences in relational and physical aggression in China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States. Children ages 7-10 years (N = 1,410) reported on their relationally and physically aggressive behavior. Relational and physical aggression shared a common factor structure across countries. In all nine countries, relational and physical aggression were significantly correlated (average r = .49). Countries differed in the mean levels of both relational and physical aggression that children reported using and with respect to whether children reported using more physical than relational aggression or more relational than physical aggression. Boys reported being more physically aggressive than girls across all nine countries; no consistent gender differences emerged in relational aggression. Despite mean-level differences in relational and physical aggression across countries, the findings provided support for cross-country similarities in associations between relational and physical aggression as well as links between gender and aggression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-308
Number of pages11
JournalAggressive Behavior
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Cross-cultural
  • Gender
  • International
  • Physical aggression
  • Relational aggression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

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    Lansford, J. E., Skinner, A. T., Sorbring, E., Giunta, L. D., Deater-Deckard, K., Dodge, K. A., Malone, P. S., Oburu, P., Pastorelli, C., Tapanya, S., Uribe Tirado, L. M., Zelli, A., Al-Hassan, S. M., Peña Alampay, L., Bacchini, D., Bombi, A. S., Bornstein, M. H., & Chang, L. (2012). Boys' and Girls' Relational and Physical Aggression in Nine Countries. Aggressive Behavior, 38(4), 298-308. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.21433