TY - JOUR

T1 - Branch Input Resistance and Steady Attenuation for Input to One Branch of a Dendritic Neuron Model

AU - Rall, W.

AU - Rinzel, J.

N1 - Funding Information:
WILFRID RALL andJOHN RINZEL From the Mathematical Research Branch, National Institute ofArthritis, Metabolism, and Digestive Diseases, and the Laboratory ofAppliedStudies, Division ofComputer Research and Technology, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20014. Dr. Rinzel's present address is the Courant Institute ofMathematical Sciences, New York University, New York 10003.

PY - 1973

Y1 - 1973

N2 - Mathematical solutions and numerical illustrations are presented for the steady-state distribution of membrane potential in an extensively branched neuron model, when steady electric current is injected into only one dendritic branch. Explicit expressions are obtained for input resistance at the branch input site and for voltage attenuation from the input site to the soma; expressions for AC steady-state input impedance and attenuation are also presented. The theoretical model assumes passive membrane properties and the equivalent cylinder constraint on branch diameters. Numerical examples illustrate how branch input resistance and steady attenuation depend upon the following: the number of dendritic trees, the orders of dendritic branching, the electrotonic length of the dendritic trees, the location of the dendritic input site, and the input resistance at the soma. The application to cat spinal motoneurons, and to other neuron types, is discussed. The effect of a large dendritic input resistance upon the amount of local membrane depolarization at the synaptic site, and upon the amount of depolarization reaching the soma, is illustrated and discussed; simple proportionality with input resistance does not hold, in general. Also, branch input resistance is shown to exceed the input resistance at the soma by an amount that is always less than the sum of core resistances along the path from the input site to the soma.

AB - Mathematical solutions and numerical illustrations are presented for the steady-state distribution of membrane potential in an extensively branched neuron model, when steady electric current is injected into only one dendritic branch. Explicit expressions are obtained for input resistance at the branch input site and for voltage attenuation from the input site to the soma; expressions for AC steady-state input impedance and attenuation are also presented. The theoretical model assumes passive membrane properties and the equivalent cylinder constraint on branch diameters. Numerical examples illustrate how branch input resistance and steady attenuation depend upon the following: the number of dendritic trees, the orders of dendritic branching, the electrotonic length of the dendritic trees, the location of the dendritic input site, and the input resistance at the soma. The application to cat spinal motoneurons, and to other neuron types, is discussed. The effect of a large dendritic input resistance upon the amount of local membrane depolarization at the synaptic site, and upon the amount of depolarization reaching the soma, is illustrated and discussed; simple proportionality with input resistance does not hold, in general. Also, branch input resistance is shown to exceed the input resistance at the soma by an amount that is always less than the sum of core resistances along the path from the input site to the soma.

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U2 - 10.1016/S0006-3495(73)86014-X

DO - 10.1016/S0006-3495(73)86014-X

M3 - Article

C2 - 4715583

AN - SCOPUS:0015788083

VL - 13

SP - 648

EP - 688

JO - Biophysical Journal

JF - Biophysical Journal

SN - 0006-3495

IS - 7

ER -